The basics of home remedies that help with hemorrhoids
Every human has hemorrhoids. They are part of our rectum and, among other things, support our sphincter muscle in closing the anus. However, if they swell, the result can be burning, bleeding, weeping and excruciating itching. Unfortunately, false shame prevents many from seeking medical help for such ailments.
From first aid to long-term good hygiene, there are things you can do yourself when you're struggling with hemorrhoids. Here you can find out what helps.
This article cannot and should not replace the opinion of a specialist - if in doubt, always speak to a doctor to avoid the risks of self-diagnosis and self-treatment. Your family doctor is a good first point of contact for this. The corresponding specialist for butt problems is a proctologist - who is particularly familiar with diseases of the rectum. Surgeons and gastroenterologists can also help.
1. Relieve acute discomfort
If you are suffering from the effects of severely swollen hemorrhoids, cool pads will relieve your symptoms. Wet a clean washcloth or handkerchief (preferably made of boil-proof cotton) with water and place it on the anus. You can also wrap ice cubes in a cloth and gently press on the anal region.
Wear absorbent panties
If your hemorrhoids are advanced, you may also be suffering from a sore butt. The cause is the discharge of anal secretion, which permanently wets the sensitive skin on the anus. Specialists recommend wearing cotton panties so that the region does not remain constantly wet. They are not quite as sexy, but they are breathable and absorbent.
(Short) sitz baths only in moderation
A popular home remedy for itching and inflammation associated with hemorrhoids is sitz baths. You can get an extract from oak bark in the pharmacy as a bath additive. This plant has an anti-inflammatory effect on the one hand and an analgesic effect on the other. Soaking your butt in it once or twice a day can relieve discomfort. However, the water should not be too warm, but at most body temperature. However, sitz baths for hemorrhoids are controversial among experts. It is best not to bathe for more than a minute so as not to damage the skin.
Avoid unnecessary stimuli
If your butt could talk to you, you would know that it doesn't like hard or wet toilet paper. Paper that is too hard acts like sandpaper on the sensitive skin around the anus. Therefore, you should generally dab this skin area carefully and not rub it dry. Moist cleaning cloths usually contain fragrances and preservatives, which can also irritate and, in the worst case, trigger allergies. So hands off hard toilet paper and wet towels.
2. Always clean the bottom hygienically
Best cleaning agent: clear water
Whether in healthy times or when you have problems: Your anus always wants to be nice and clean and should therefore be cleaned regularly. Soaps or shower gels are not necessary at all. On the contrary. Your butt prefers pure warm water. In the shower, of course, no problem at all. But after going to the toilet?
Thorough cleaning of the anal region with bidets
Even after a bowel movement, rinsing off with lukewarm water is the gentlest way to clean your bottom. The soft jet of water washes away all dirt. Then you can gently pat the skin dry. Specialists such as proctologist Bernhard Lenhard consider a bidet to be the best “service you can give your anus.”
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3. Prevention instead of cure
Eat plenty of fiber
When you're constipated, you have to push hard when you go to the toilet. You automatically clench your hemorrhoids too. They swell and evade the pressure in the direction of the anus.
Your body excretes fiber undigested. If your food is high in fiber, the stool volume increases; your digestion becomes more regular. This will prevent constipation and hemorrhoid swelling. Vegetables, fruit and whole grain products in particular contain a lot of fiber.
Make sure you're drinking enough. Liquid allows the roughage in the intestine to swell up properly and keeps the digestate evenly moist. This way everything is easily expelled without you having to push hard. Forty milliliters of fluid per kilogram of body weight (mainly water or unsweetened tea) is the minimum.
Footstool in front of the toilet
Other countries other manners. In some cultures, people squat down when they defecate. Scientists found that in regions where this posture is typical when having a bowel movement, haemorrhoids are much less likely to occur. Simply place a small stool or footstool in front of the toilet during your "sessions". If you put your feet on it and bend your upper body slightly forward, your body will come into a position similar to squatting. This makes bowel movements easier.
to do sports
As soon as you move your body, your blood vessels are better supplied with blood - including those in the intestinal mucosa. Vessels with a good blood supply expand, but at the same time they are elastic, so that they decongest just as quickly. With regular exercise you train your hemorrhoids. In this way you ensure that they quickly recede after swelling.
Like most of your fellow human beings, you can certainly do without painful hemorrhoids. That's why you shouldn't neglect proper hygiene, even in healthy times. Cleanliness is important. But your butt doesn't like harsh detergents or too much friction. He enjoys it when you wash him with running water from the bidet.
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Enders, G.(2014): Gut mit Charme, Berlin, Ullstein-Verlag